There’s plenty of controversy around fracking in the US. But here we have a relatively informed public, with public officials who must respond to the balance of public opinion (whether it’s heightened oversight or direct election), and a pretty good basis of environmental laws. A fair number of countries have observed our issues with fracking and environmental hazards, and said, “Thanks but no thanks.” Notable bans have arisen in France and Germany, with proposals in the UK. But developing countries are hungry for the cheap energy source, and China, for example, wants in, to the tune of 6.5 billion cubic meters of gas by 2015 and 100 billion cubic meters by 2020 (the US produced some 170 billion cubic meters of natural gas in 2011).
The first red flag in my mind is cutting corners. My understanding is that the majority of the problems with aquifer contamination in Pennsylvania arose from shoddy well construction. Pardon my stereotyping, but Chinese industries aren’t exactly known for their meticulous high-quality work, especially when there’s profit to be made…This makes me nervous.
But the second red flag upsets me more: where will the frack water come from? China is not a country of abundant water resources, especially in the north. And in contrast to the US or Canada, its people have little recourse if they have complaints about depleted or contaminated water resources. Where will the water come from? Will Chinese central planners favor industry over people? It has happened before (just Google “chemical spill China” and see how many different incidents pop up, e.g., this one).
Never mind that it apparently takes 3 years to get environmental laws on the books, and wastewater disposal (currently one of the main problems with fracking in the US) is not one of China’s strong suits. Fracking might help the Chinese economy, but my bet is, it’s going to get really ugly really quickly. I’m glad we have home-grown natural gas to rely upon — far less guilt.